Anterior knee pain is the term used to describe discomfort that occurs behind, below, and/or to the sides of the kneecap. Because it is such a complex joint, there are several conditions and structures that can result in a problem altering the ability to use the leg normally. One of the most common culprits is a strained tendon, also known as tendonitis. It is the tough, fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone. An injury to the patellar band of tissue is felt in the front below the quadricep muscle and above the shin. A treatment that could be given would be rest, using an ice pack pack for a period of time, and using over-the-counter analgesics as needed. Occasionally, the doctor or physician will get you to use a brace for stabilizing the area while healing occurs, especially if a patient needs to get back to walking quicker then they would like them to.
Osteoarthritis, or OA, is another painful condition that causes this issue. OA occurs when the layer of cartilage that separates and cushions the femur (or thigh bone) and tibia (or shine bone) begins to break down. This progressive condition can be a nuisance because it is chronic in nature. It may also lead to total disability if not addressed. Treatments include advice about making positive lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, taking oral analgesics, performing specific exercises, non-surgical natural procedures at Osteo Relief Institute, and sometimes a necessary complete replacement surgery.
Another cause of this issue, especially among young athletes, is patellar dislocation. This occurs when the kneecap becomes dislocated and slides out of place. Usually, this occurs when there has been damage to the ligaments that stabilizes it. The good and positive news about this is that surgery might not be necessary, by relocating it to its proper place and immobilizing the joint for a week or two will give it time to heal. Other common causes of aching and stiffness here include having flat feet and sustaining repetitive stress injuries.